Already Enrolled?
Sign In Here
Forgotten your password?

Unit standard 4098 Glossary

Assessor A person appointed to assess against unit standards. ITOs can appoint assessors – both ‘workplace assessors’ who assess within a workplace and ‘industry assessors’ who are at a higher level. Training Providers can appoint assessors who carry out assessments on behalf of that training provider.
Auditors  These people check that the training providers are kosher and that they have systems in place that will ensure the quality of the training and assessments that they offer. The auditors work for the NZQA.
Common Assessment Tasks(CATs)  Assessment material usually provided by a Standard Setting Body or ITO.
Industry Training Organisations (ITOs)

These organizations are responsible for the qualifications, training and unit standards offered within their industries, and for the creation and updating of those. An example of an ITO is ‘Competenz’ who covers the engineering, printing and manufacturing industries.

Some of their responsibilities are:

  • Being the Standard Setting Body for certain qualifications and unit standards
  • Funding industry training
  • Providing training courses
  • Providing assessment materials
  • Running conferences and so on.
Moderators They are people who check that assessment material used to assess is providing a valid assessment of the unit standard. They also check a sample of assessments to make sure the assessment has been carried out correctly and the judgment made is in line with the unit standard. There are external moderators who work for the NZQA or for the Standard Setting Body and there are Internal Moderators who work for the training provider.


A quality check on the thoroughness of assessment and the accuracy of assessment judgements. There are external moderators who work for the NZQA or for the Standard Setting Body and there are Internal Moderators who work for the training provider.


The New Zealand Qualifications Authority (NZQA) is the national body that oversees the quality management of formal educational qualifications in New Zealand.

Among other things, they are responsible for the quality of all training and assessment against unit standards. They accredit Training Providers and say what qualifications and unit standards they can assess.

 Pre-moderation A quality check on the assessment material to be used to assess competence in a unit standard. The pre-moderation checks that if the assessment is applied as planned it will be an adequately assessment of competence
Recognition of Current Competence (RCC)

An assessment where the decision on competence is made on the basis of the candidate’s previous training and work experience. The candidate is required to still provide evidence that shows competence in the unit standard/s.

Standard Setting Bodies 

 The NZQA does not have the resources to check the quality of assessment for all unit standards and all training providers so they appoint ‘Standard Setting Bodies’ to do some of this work on their behalf. The Standard Setting Body is an ITO appointed to be in charge of the quality of assessment for certain unit standards.

Some of their actions include:

  • Deciding qualifications of assessors
  • Setting moderation(quality check) requirements
  • Reviewing and updating the unit standard
Sufficient evidence In an assessment, the evidence presented by the candidate will be sufficient if it is enough to prove the candidate is competent to meet all performance criteria over the full range of assessment conditions specified in the unit standard.
Training Providers They can offer training and assessment in the unit standards that the NZQA has said they can offer. Training Providers can be polytechnics, universities or private training establishments. They can appoint assessors and must take responsibility for the quality of their assessments.
Valid evidence  Evidence is valid if it indeed shows competence in the unit standard. For example if the unit standard calls for baking a cake, a baked cake will be valid evidence. Providing a description of how to bake a cake is not valid evidence.